Hydraulic rings and propeller nuts
On mounting, the propeller is driven up the taper by heating the propeller hub and driving in keys between the nut and the hub, or by using a hydraulic press or even flogging the nut to achieve the required axial drive up.
All these methods are time consuming and difficult to manage due to the large forces required. For large propellers the methods are unacceptable.
These conventional methods are especially troublesome when dismounting propellers from shafts.
Withdrawal forces are large and fretting damage often occurs on the contact surfaces. Due to the large forces, withdrawal tools are often bulky, expensive and difficult to handle. The dismounting process is therefore very time consuming.