Cotton fabric reinforced phenolic resin is a lightweight material. Cages made of this material can withstand heavy inertial forces and operating temperatures up to 120 °C (250 °F). The material tends to absorb oil, assisting the lubrication of the cage / rolling element contact and providing a safety margin for run down, should there be an interruption of lubricant supply.
Cotton fabric reinforced phenolic resin is the standard cage material for most super-precision angular contact ball bearings.
Polyamide 66Polyamide 66 (PA66), with or without glass fibre reinforcement, is characterized by a favourable combination of strength and elasticity. Due to its excellent sliding properties on lubricated steel surfaces and the superior finish of the contact surfaces, PA66 cages reduce friction, frictional heat and wear. PA66 can be used at operating temperatures up to 120 °C (250 °F). However, some synthetic oils and greases with a synthetic oil base and lubricants containing EP additives, when used at high temperatures, can have a detrimental effect on PA66 cages. For information about the suitability of cages, refer to Cages and Cage materials.
PolyetheretherketoneGlass or carbon fibre reinforced polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is popular for demanding applications where there are either high speeds or high temperatures or a need for chemical resistance. The maximum temperature for high-speed use is limited to 150 °C (300 °F) as this is the softening temperature of the polymer. The material does not show signs of ageing by temperature or oil additives up to 200 °C (390 °F).
PEEK is the standard cage material for some super-precision angular contact ball and for high-speed design cylindrical roller bearings.
BrassBrass is unaffected by most common bearing lubricants, including synthetic oils and greases, and can be cleaned using normal organic solvents. Brass cages can be used at operating temperatures up to 250 °C (480 °F).
Machined brass cages are used in a number of super-precision double row cylindrical roller bearings and double direction angular contact thrust ball bearings and are standard for large super-precision angular contact ball bearings (d ≥ 300 mm).